Music Rationale

At Pensilva Primary School we want to develop a lifelong appreciation for, and enjoyment of music within our pupils. We want them to, enjoy their music lessons, embrace their musical opportunities and foster a creativity which will inspire them to become song writers, composers, music producers or even rock stars! We believe that music helps our children to develop self-confidence and a sense of achievement. We want to give children the opportunity to play and perform a range of instruments including those from other cultures that they wouldn’t usually have access to.

By the end of the EYFS we aim for children to:

  •        Sing a range of well-known nursery rhymes and songs in a group or on their own, increasingly matching the pitch and following the melody.
  •        Listen attentively, move to and talk about music, expressing their feelings and responses.
  •        Play instruments to express their feelings and ideas.
  •        Perform songs, rhymes, poems and stories with others and try to move in time with music.

By the end of KS1 we aim for children to:

  •        Use their voices expressively by singing songs and speaking chants and rhymes.
  •        Play tuned and untuned instruments musically.
  •        Listen with concentration and understanding to a range of high-quality live and recorded music.
  •        Make and combine sounds using the inter-related dimensions of music by exploring with timbre, tempo and dynamics.

By the end of KS2 we aim for children to:

  •        Sing and play musically with confidence and control.
  •        Understand how of music is composed and organise and manipulate ideas within musical structures.
  •        Reproduce sounds from aural memory.
  •        Play and perform in solo and ensemble contexts, using their voices and playing musical instruments with increasing accuracy, fluency, control and expression.
  •        Improvise and compose music for a range of purposes.
  •        Listen with attention to detail, recalling sounds with increasing aural memory.
  •        Use and understand the basics of staff and other musical notations.
  •        Appreciate and understand a wide range of high-quality live and recorded music drawn from different traditions and from great composers and musicians.
  •        Develop an understanding of the history of music.
  •        Had the opportunity to take part in specialist music tuition involving a range of instruments.


The music curriculum can be divided into four strands:

  •         Perform

This concept involves understanding that music is created to be performed.

  •         Compose

This concept involves appreciating that music is created through a process which has a number of techniques.

  •         Transcribe

This concept involves understanding that compositions need to be understood by others and that there are techniques and a language for communicating them.

  •         Describe music

This concept involves appreciating the features and effectiveness of musical elements.