Art and Design Rationale


At Pensilva Primary School, Art and Design is taught following the skills and guidance from ‘Kapow’. We have personalised the outcomes and end products in the units so they link to the themes of our classes or the interests of our children but the skills remain the same to ensure children's knowledge is built upon in each year group. We ensure to provide many opportunities for children to be creative and experimental as well as exposing them to the wealth of creativity the world has to offer.

All children learn about a range of artists and each year they will increase their knowledge and understanding of these. They will then be able to make links between pieces of art work, artistic styles and different artists. Children are then given the opportunity to use this to influence their own pieces of art. We choose artists that are iconic but that also have something to offer the children in terms of subject and technique. Children will gain a secure understanding and knowledge of stylistic elements and technical vocabulary, which help to frame their ideas and observations and appreciate these in the art they see.

The essential knowledge elements within our Art and Design curriculum are colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space. These elements can be used when creating art but also when learning about the different aspects of art and artists. The children will learn about an artist that creates or uses a particular style or technique, they will then be given the opportunity to use that technique in their own work.




By the end of KS1 we believe our children will be able to:


  • Use a range of materials creatively to design and make products
  • Use drawing, painting and sculpture to develop and share their ideas, experiences and imagination
  • Develop a wide range of art and design techniques in using colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space
  • Talk about the work of a range of artists, craft makers and designers, describing the differences and similarities between different practices and disciplines, and make links to their own work.


By the end of KS2 we believe our children will be able to:


  • Develop their techniques, including their control and their use of materials, with creativity, experimentation and an increasing awareness of different kinds of art, craft and design.
  • Create sketch books to record their observations and use them to review and revisit ideas.
  • Improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture with a range of materials [for example, pencil, charcoal, paint, clay]
  • Talk about great artists, architects and designers in history.


Essential Characteristics


• The ability to use visual language skilfully and convincingly (for example, line, shape, pattern, colour, texture, form) to express emotions, interpret observations, 

convey insights and accentuate their individuality.

• The ability to communicate fluently in visual and tactile form.

• The ability to draw confidently and adventurously from observation, memory and imagination.

• The ability to explore and invent marks, develop and deconstruct ideas and communicate perceptively and powerfully through purposeful drawing in 2D, 3D or 

digital media.

• An impressive knowledge and understanding of other artists, craft makers and designers.

• The ability to think and act like creative practitioners by using their knowledge and understanding to inform, inspire and interpret ideas, observations and feelings.

• Independence, initiative and originality which they can use to develop their creativity.

• The ability to select and use materials, processes and techniques skilfully and inventively to realise intentions and capitalise on the unexpected.

• The ability to reflect on, analyse and critically evaluate their own work and that of others.

• A passion for and a commitment to the subject.





All teachers follow Kapow lessons to ensure progression throughout the school. The Kapow Art Scheme of work is designed with five strands that run throughout.

These are:

  • Making skills
  • Formal elements (line, shape tone, texture, pattern, colour)
  • Knowledge of artists
  • Evaluating


By following this scheme, we can ensure all strands are revisited in every unit building on knowledge and skills in each year group. In the Formal Elements of Art units’ children are taught new skills discretely. These new skills are then applied in the other units across the year. Key skills are revisited again and again with increasing complexity in a spiral curriculum model. This allows children to revise and build on their previous learning. Within the, Every Picture Tells a Story units’ children are introduced to key artists and art movements. This helps children develop their knowledge and understanding of different artists and how this can influence their own work. Creativity and independent outcomes are embedded into the units, supporting children to make their own creative choices and decisions so that their art outcomes are unique to them. Lessons are always practical in nature and all children have sketchbooks to documents their ideas. Our lessons are differentiated to ensure all children can access and enjoy them.



Our children will be equipped with a range of techniques and the confidence and creativity to form a strong foundation for their Art and Design learning as the move on to their next school. Children will have had opportunities to develop a love and appreciation for Art and how that can impact them as a hobby or career in the future.

Progression in Art is monitored through regularly reviewing children’s work and sketchpads, drop ins of lessons and discussions with the children.