Geography Rationale: 


At Pensilva we have a strong focus on geography influenced by out amazing location – surrounded by moorlands and steeped in Cornish features and landmarks. Our geography curriculum supports pupils to develop their knowledge of the local environment through field work, map work and projects and place it in relation to the wider world. 

Teaching at Pensilva equips pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. 

We believe geography should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the wider world and it’s people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives.  


At the end of KS1 pupils will:

  •         Have a locational knowledge of the world including knowing the 7 continents, 5 oceans, and the 4 countries of the United Kingdom. Children should leave KS1 excited and confident to use maps, globes, atlases and photos to develop a deep contextual knowledge of globally significant places as well as their local environment. 
  •         Be able to identify human and physical features of the world and point them out in their local environment.
  •         Build up a rich bank of geographical vocabulary including:

Physical: forest, hill, mountain, beach, cliff, ocean, soil, valley and vegetation.  Human: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, harbour and shop. 

  •         Talk about similarities and differences between their local environment and that of a contrasting non-European environment.
  •         Using fieldwork and observation skills to study the geography of our school including looking at seasons and weather patterns and looking at aerial photographs, pictures and maps. 



At the end of KS2 pupils will:

  •         Have a rich locational knowledge including locating the world’s countries on maps and identifying the position and significance of latitude, longitude, the equator, northern and southern hemisphere and other tropics and time zones. 
  •         To have an indepth knowledge of the United Kingdom, a European country and a region of America. 
  •         Be using vocabulary they learnt in KS1 with confidence and competence and to build on this bank (in line with their KS2 learning) to include vocabulary around climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanos, and the water cycle. 
  •         To understand that geography is about the ever changing world and be aware that things like land use, settlements and economic activity can and has shaped the world around us. 
  •         Be keen geographers with the skills and knowledge to carry out well planned and executed field work. To have had plenty of opportunities to measure, observe and record human and physical features in the local area.