EYFS [Early Years Foundation Stage]

EYFS [Early Years Foundation Stage] Curriculum


Our EYFS curriculum is full of fun and meaningful learning, through play-based experiences. The children enjoy indoor and outdoor environments that are vocabulary and resource rich to enable them to develop in all the seven areas of learning stated in the EYFS curriculum. Practitioners provided irresistible activities that are led from the children’s interests or link to our class topic.

During the day, adult directed learning is delivered to all children. This is where we teach new skills and knowledge in a practical and active way. This includes Read, Write Inc phonics which we do every morning, the children are taught letter sounds and how to write them. We also learn how to 'Fred talk' where we sound out words and blend them together with Fred the Frog.

Story reading is a key part of our day and we carefully choose texts which the children can join in with and enjoy. Creating an early love for books is a passion of ours and is imperative for the development of vocabulary and language. We also have a daily maths session where we follow White Rose Maths which is full of practical activities with a rich mathematical vocabulary that builds throughout the year. 

We have a broad termly class topic, which links us with the Year 1 children in our class. We also, strongly believe following our children’s interests is extremely important too. We are free to explore all sorts of fun things, recently we have been learning about Cornwall, this led us to mermaids and pirates and Cornish tin miners, celebrating our local history. Our main aim is to have lots of 'awe and wonder' moments which ignite the children’s interests and develop a love and excitement for learning.

We are very passionate about making our children independent, inquisitive and risk-taking learners. We believe the best way to do this is to teach them to explore the world around them through child-initiated activities. The children at Pensilva Primary School have a balanced opportunity for this throughout the day in the classroom, our outside area and in our large wild area. Practitioners take care and time to set up these areas to extended and expand the children’s knowledge and provide next steps in their learning. Adults use questioning as a tool to develop children’s thoughts and give them encouragement to take risks in a caring and safe environment.


The following is an outline of the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum.


The Early Years Foundation Stage is for children aged 0-5, and covers the years from the birth to the end of reception class in primary school. 

* Personal, social and emotional development. Children will learn to be self-confident, take an interest in things, know what their own needs are, and tell the difference between right and wrong.

* Communication, language and literacy. This includes learning how to talk confidently and clearly, enjoy stories, songs and poems, hear and say sounds, linking them to the alphabet. Children will read and write some familiar words and learn to use a pencil.

* Physical development. This includes learning to move confidently, controlling their bodies and handling equipment.

* Literacy. Children will learn the sounds and names of all letters and digraphs through focussed phonics lessons. They will also learn how to form letters and write words for the beginning of sentence writing.

* Mathematical development. An understanding of maths is developed through stories, songs, games and imaginative play. Children become comfortable with numbers and with ideas such as ‘heavier than' or ‘bigger'. They will be aware of shapes and space, addition and subtraction, doubling and halving.

*  Understanding the world. Children explore and find out about the world around them, asking questions about it. They will build with different materials, know about everyday technology and learn what it is used for. They will find out about different cultures and beliefs.

*  Expressive art and design. Children will explore colours and shapes, trying out dance, making things, telling stories and making music